International Academy of Cosmetic Dermatology
Dark circles under the eyes represent bilateral, round, homogeneous hyperpigmentation in the infraorbital regions. The intensity of the darkness fluctuates according to fatigue and/or lack of sleep; the condition appears worse with aging due to skin sagging and abnormal lipid deposits. Dark circles have been regarded as a mere physiologic phenomenon; however, when very pronounced, they interfere with one’s general appearance, giving a tired, sad, and even hangover appearance.
|They are caused by multiple factors:|
|The easiest way to disguise dark circles is camouflage make-up. For those patients who want a more definitive solution, there are some alternatives:|
|There is no evidence that steaks or lemon juice, applied to the areas, will reduce the darkening.|
Fernanda M Freitag, MD
Tania Cestari, MD, PhD
Porto Alegre, Brazil